The first San Silvestre Vallecana took place in 1964, but it was only for associated runners. Its promoter was Antonio Sabugueiro, an athlete and sports enthusiast who, after organising several races in Casa de Campo, suggested to his friends Carlos Roa and Manolo Fernández “to do something on pavement”.

In 1968, Mohamed Gammoudi won gold at the Mexico Olympic Games and became the first international athlete to win the race. In 2006, Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge broke his own world record.

Thanks to sponsors and city authorities, the San Silvestre race has currently become a true social and sporting phenomenon.